The urgent need for a Mobility Law

By Jorge Hernando

Graduate in Law, Dr. Civil Engineer and Director of the Think Tank Mobility.

On 23 March, the Corell Foundation presented in Madrid the work "Basis for a new General Law on Sustainable Mobility". It is a work promoted by the Foundation and elaborated by prestigious jurists in the area of public law and mobility. A private sector initiative that is presented prior to the administration's proposal in line with what should be public-private collaboration.

The current legislation has been developed from the 1987 Act. There is therefore an urgent need for an update with a broader scope that includes infrastructures and addresses the sustainability of the system.

It is also necessary to adapt the passenger transport system to the demographic changes that have taken place over the last forty years, with the concentration of the population in large cities that demand new modes of organisation and governance of the services to be provided to citizens.

In the organisational sphere, there is a clear need for coordination between the different levels of public administration involved in mobility planning in large cities and also, of course, the need to harmonise the regulations of conurbations and their neighbouring municipalities. From this perspective, an example of a mobility strategy aligned with economic efficiency could be a specific regulation of urban distribution of goods (DUM) and its most up-to-date version, linked to e-commerce, which, incidentally, would also be a key action from an environmental point of view.

In large cities, we are witnessing the massive emergence of new forms of mobility: cars, motorbikes and shared bikes, and the phenomenon of so-called micro-mobility, of which the growing momentum of electric scooters is an example.

In terms of technological progress, we refer by way of example to the experiences and trials in the EU on the subject of autonomous vehicles, intelligent roads and increases in vehicle weights and dimensions.

Is it possible to envisage an "evolutionary and adaptive regulation" resulting from an active policy on the part of the public administration based also on prospective work and the collaboration of the private sector?

The concept of inclusive mobility, bringing to all people the beneficial effects of a system that is indispensable for the development of such basic rights as work, education, health and social care, must take precedence over all other considerations in a modern, socially advanced society.

In short, the new regulation will have to follow these and other paths whose detailed description is beyond the scope of this article. However, the pace that must be set for regulatory transformation, and the need for a public-private collaborative framework, of which the work of the Corell Foundation is an expression, are undoubtedly factors that must be prioritised in the face of the important challenge that we have set ourselves.

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